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Facilitators and barriers of preconception care in women with inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatic diseases: an explorative survey study in a secondary and tertiary hospital

Publicatie van Kenniscentrum Zorginnovatie
L.A.C. Admiraal, A.N. Rosman, R.J.E.M. Dolhain, R.L. West, A.G.M.G.J. Mulders | Artikel | Publicatiedatum: 23 maart 2022
Background Preconception care (PCC) is care prior to conception to optimize parental health, and health of the future child, through biomedical and behavioral changes. Providing PCC to all women with a wish to conceive will improve perinatal health. PCC is especially important for women with a chronic disease, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and rheumatic diseases (RD). At present PCC is not part of routine care for these women. The aim of this study is to identify facilitators and barriers on a patient and professional level regarding the provision of PCC in women with IBD and RD. Methods An explorative survey study among women with IBD and RD, their treating physicians and obstetric professionals was performed. Patients with a wish to conceive, pregnant women or those with a recent pregnancy (< 1 year ago) visiting the outpatient clinic of a secondary and tertiary hospital and involved physicians and obstetric professionals were eligible. Results A total of 71% of the IBD patients (n = 22/31) and 35% of the RD patients (n = 20/58) received a PCC consultation. PCC consultation was considered easy to enter, short in time and patients felt comfortable. Patients (71% IBD; 62% RD) preferred a personal PCC consultation with their disease specific specialist together with an obstetrician. Patients specifically wanted to receive information about the safety of medication use and disease activity following delivery. Of the included healthcare professionals 67% (n = 31) agreed PCC was applicable to their patients. Main barrier to providing PCC was lack of time and unavailability of professionals. In total 41% (n = 16) of obstetric professionals felt they had the knowledge and skills to provide PCC compared to 33% (n = 1) and 75% (n = 3) of gastroenterologists and rheumatologists, respectively. Conclusion Lack of awareness and urgency for the effectuation can be seen as important barriers for implementation of PCC. Due to the explorative nature generalisation of the results is not allowed. In the future, adaptation of the curricula of healthcare professionals by implementing interventions for pregnancy planning and preparation will generate awareness. Modelling of the impact of PCC might prove useful in resolving the lack of urgency for PCC realization.

Auteur(s) - verbonden aan Hogeschool Rotterdam

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